What Are the Research and Development Activities?
What are the research and development activities you need to know? Let’s find out.
What Are Research and Development?
Research and development, or R&D, is a broad term that includes a wide range of activities. In general, R&D is concerned with studying and finding solutions to problems.
In the context of business, R&D generally describes research efforts aimed at developing new products or services.
Companies allocate funds for R&D. Why so?
For one thing, it can lead to new products, services, and processes that can help companies maintain their technological edge and increase profits.
Research and Development Activities
Research and development activities can be classified into five categories: basic research, applied research, experimental development, pilot production, and full-scale production.
This classification relates to the degree of certainty that the research will lead to a successful new product or service.
Basic research is a type of R&D that is used to understand a particular problem or situation. In this stage, researchers study the underlying principles of a concept or technology.
Basic research often includes laboratory experiments, interviews with experts, literature reviews, and computer simulations.
Applied research is a type of R&D that solves specific problems or meets specific needs by applying existing knowledge from basic research.
In this stage, researchers study how certain concepts or technologies could be used in a particular setting. Applied research often includes laboratory experiments and desktop simulations.
Experimental development is a type of R&D that is used to develop something for use in real life.
In this stage, researchers modify existing technology or combine different technologies to produce prototypes for new products or services.
It is often necessary to test prototypes with real users. So, businesses can find out if they are suitable for real-life applications.
Pilot production involves making small quantities of a product or service using the same production methods that will be used in full-scale production.
In this stage, researchers test production techniques. So, they can make sure they meet quality standards and reduce the risk of losing any money if the product fails commercially.
Finally, full-scale production involves making large quantities of a product using the same production methods that were tested in pilot production.
In this stage, researchers test the reliability and cost-effectiveness of their product or service on a larger scale than previously achieved with pilot production.
Benefits of Research and Development Activities
Research and development activities have several other benefits for businesses, including the following:
Maintain a technological edge over competitors
Research and development allow companies to make sure their products and processes stay current with industry trends and technological advances.
Meet legal requirements
Research and development can help companies make sure their products or processes meet legal or regulatory requirements related to safety, health, or the environment.
Reduce the risk of losing money
Research and development can help companies reduce the risk of losing money if their product fails commercially.
Provide tax benefits
Companies that invest in research and development may be able to claim certain tax credits or deductions. Especially if they qualify for special tax incentives in their country, state, province, or municipality where they operate.
Research and development activities are important for business success.
After all, R&D investments can lead to new products, services, and processes that can help companies maintain their technological edge and increase profits.
This is why companies need to invest in research and development activities.