This article will talk about research and development on health. Also, this will talk about what are the steps of this process. So, read on to know more.
Research and Development on Health
When it comes to the healthcare sector, research and development or R&D are crucial for many reasons. But what is it? R&D on health refers to the process of improving the health of the people by developing new products, processes, or services that can prevent, treat or cure health conditions.
Usually, R&D on health is conducted in one of two ways:
1. Basic research, which is the top-most part of the pyramid. And it involves basic scientific research to understand the causes, development, and cures of diseases. It also refers to finding new ways to diagnose and treat illness.
2. Applied research, which is the bottom of the pyramid. And it involves applying findings from basic research to solve practical problems in health. It also refers to studying how people use products, services, or treatments to make sure they work properly. Then, this applied research may also involve testing them in volunteers or patients before they are used more widely. It could also include developing new technology or treatments. Those that are safe in animals or cell cultures.
For funding, research is funded by grants from government agencies such as:
- the National Institutes of Health (NIH),
- the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),
- and other federal agencies;
- foundations such as The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation;
- universities and other organizations such as The World Health Organization (WHO).
Further, R&D on health is conducted by many different types of health professionals including physicians, nurses, dentists, and others. Even medical students do some kind of clinical research during their internship years.
Reasons Why Research Is Important
Research has many benefits for society such as:
1. It helps researchers learn more about what causes illnesses like cancer and heart disease. So that they can develop better methods for preventing these illnesses through healthier lifestyles. And also better treatment programs for people already affected by them.
2. Further, it helps researchers learn more about what treatments work best with certain illnesses or medical conditions. So that doctors have better information when treating their patients with those conditions.
3. Also, it helps researchers learn more about how the body works and reacts to different medicines, diseases, and injuries. So that doctors can treat their patients successfully.
4. Next, it could help researchers develop new products or treatments for illnesses or medical conditions that are not being treated well enough. And which could be improved with new technology or treatments.
5. Lastly, it helps researchers learn more about how to prevent illness and disease in the first place. So that people can live healthier lives with less risk of disease or illness.
As you can see, many reasons need to have R&D on health. So that people can live healthier lives with less risk of disease or illness.